Internet of Things (IoT) has transformed not only businesses, but also lifestyles across the world. The technology makes use of connectivity, big data, and analytics to enable Smart City projects all over the world. It has become much easier to remotely monitor, manage, and control devices, owing to the tremendous potential of these new applications. Moreover, IoT is helping these cities generate insights and actionable information from massive streams of real-time data.
These IoT projects are streamlining operations and transforming cities by enhancing public transportation, improving infrastructure, reducing traffic congestion, creating more efficient and cost effective municipal services, and keeping citizens safe and more engaged in the community. It’s pointless to deliver disparate smart city point solutions to comprehensively realize the benefit of smart city initiatives. The focus must be on creating secure and scalable IoT infrastructure that integrates multiple systems.
Such projects depend primarily on certain aspects like making the right strategic choices, selecting the right partners, and leveraging best-of-breed technologies. When all these aspects are taken care of, it becomes easier and fruitful to implement a smart city project. This step will result in immediate value and deliver a secure and scalable platform to unlock continuous new value. There are several remarkable applications of IoT for smart city projects. However, some of these applications is set to make disruptive changes within the world we live in and are already being tested. Let’s glance through some of these applications.
Active Safety: City centers are often look eerie and unsafe, especially late at night. IoT systems are being deployed in such situations to enforce safety for all. There are several new systems in the market which simply reacts to an individual’s presence by increasing light levels. This helps in indicating a person standing at such places, that their presence has been noticed.
Environmental Detection: Most of the cities house couple of expensive monitoring stations for observing pollution or weather conditions. However, most of these can’t be monitored in real time. New systems containing many more sample points have emerged over time.
Additionally, identifying the source of potential problems becomes easy, faster, and more efficient as we leverage these systems. They also furnish invaluable data for planning. Basically, smart city residents will be able to monitor their environment in real-time.
Information Beacons: This is a new direction to the implementation of IoT in smart city projects. The technology has been enabled by Apple’s iBeacon and Google’s Eddystone. This technology is assisting towards converting city assets to location-aware information portals. Consumers can easily receive real time transport information or special offers from local businesses, owing to some of the new services which are emerging. This particular application is will transform the way we access information in smart cities.
Smart Bin collection: Smart sensing can allow cities to analyze and optimize the way they deploy the services. This application opens the gateway to a wider set of opportunities. There are analysis tools which can help cities plan individual truck rolls or collection routes. This not only save time, but also adds efficiency to the process.
Social and healthcare expense reduction: Undoubtedly, all these applications are built to make operations swifter and more efficient, however, reduction of cost involved is the primary objective.
The objective of reducing expense has so far been realized in areas of social care and healthcare. To ensure that correct interventions are achieved at the optimal time without the expensive costs associated, it’s important to maintain that these systems are backed up by remote sensing.
Smart Journey planning: IoT application have more to offer towards Smart City projects. There are advanced systems which utilize open city data to suggest best and time-saving routes to travel from one point to another.
These systems have been tested, and they continue to grow more sophisticated, as more and more personal preferences are considered. Some of these parameters which the system takes note of include cost, safety concerns, and CO2 footprint.
Smart Parking: The whole point of introducing the concept of parking was to reduce congestion, however, the business case was unclear with most of the cities. However today, IoT has introduced significant number of advances that will not only help save costs, but also encourage citizens to change their behavior to make these places an enjoyable visit.
Smart Social Housing: Public sector spends a lot towards streamlining the needs of social housing, as it is one of the largest areas. The IoT-based systems that exists today make it possible to introduce low cost monitoring to social housing. This in turn helps in providing utmost satisfaction to the tenants, whilst reducing the associated costs for landlords.
Smart Street Lighting: Analysts have cited smart lighting as one of the prominent smart city applications deliberated upon for quite sometime now. The popularity of this application is related to its impressive early growth, as well as its clear business case. The application is increasing its significance by reusing the lighting column as a communications hub.
Transport sharing: The growth and success of IoT-based applications has introduced us to new bike sharing scheme, where people can share access to better bikes. Moreover, users can easily share transport, as these bikes are not tied to few expensive bike stations. The widespread adoption of electric cars will be instrumental in widely adopting the city center car sharing scheme.
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Bhasker is a Data Science evangelist and practitioner with proven record of thought leadership and incubating analytics practices for various organizations. With over 16 years of experience in the area of Business Analytics, he is well recognized as an expert within the industry. Earlier, Bhasker worked as Vice President at Goldman Sachs. He is B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi and MBA from Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow.