7 Best Cross-Platform App Development Frameworks

To understand which framework suits you the best, look at the advantages and disadvantages carefully
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Cross-platform development is essential for deploying software across various platforms. It is nothing but the practice of creating mobile applications that can run seamlessly on multiple operating systems, such as iOS, and Android, and on the web. It enables developers to reach a wider audience with a single codebase, accelerates the development cycle, and facilitates consistent user experiences across different devices, leading to improved efficiency and cost-effectiveness in app development. 

To get you started faster, we have curated some of the best cross-platform app development frameworks. Let’s take a look at them. 


Flutter, an open-source mobile app development framework by Google, is the most preferred framework by users as it enables the creation of high-performance, visually appealing apps for iOS, Android, and the web using Dart programming and Skia graphics. With rapid development, real-time code changes enhance efficiency. Its customizable widgets craft attractive interfaces, while performance focus ensures smooth animations even on older devices, broadening user reach.

Offering cross-platform capabilities, it supports web and desktop apps. The framework’s openness fosters community collaboration. Though it boasts advantages like quick development, elegant UIs, high performance, and cross-platform adaptability, limited third-party libraries, a challenging learning curve due to Dart, and comparatively restricted corporate adoption pose challenges. Renowned applications like Alibaba, Google Ads, Tencent, and Reflectly showcase Flutter’s efficacy across diverse domains, solidifying its status as a robust framework for versatile, modern applications.


Tauri is a modern framework that can be used to make cross-platform applications using familiar web technologies for the frontend, and leveraging the robust Rust programming language for the backend. It’s versatile, compatible with various frontend libraries like Vue, React, and Svelte. While Rust integration is optional, Tauri offers a JavaScript API that allows building the complete app, making it seamless to transform existing web app code into a native desktop app with minimal modifications.


NativeScript is popular for creating native apps using JavaScript. It offers direct access to native platform APIs through TypeScript, JavaScript, and Angular, enabling exceptional native-like experiences across web, iOS, and Android platforms. Introduced by Progress in 2014, it’s chosen for its flexibility and endorsed as visionary by Gartner’s Magic Quadrant. Beneficial for swift market entry, product testing, and gaining a competitive edge, NativeScript excels in developing custom mobile apps and Minimum Viable Products.

Its strengths include strong support for Angular, Vue.js, and Svelte stacks, a dedicated marketplace, and seamless access to native APIs. However, challenges lie in UI diversity, limited verified plugins, and the need for developers well-versed in native functionalities. Noteworthy users span diverse industries and include Lorven Technologies, Netflix, and Blackfriars Group.

React Native

React Native, often abbreviated as RN, is a renowned JavaScript-based mobile development framework enabling the creation of native-style mobile applications for both Android and iOS platforms. It offers a unified codebase approach, aiding React Native development firms in constructing applications for various platforms with shared code. Introduced by Facebook as an open-source project in 2015, React Native swiftly emerged as a leading solution for mobile app development. Notable advantages of React Native are consistent app growth across platforms due to robust components adept at seamless presentation, efficient code reuse through pre-developed elements, and dynamic features like live and hot reloading.

However, the framework presents challenges, including intricate debugging, difficulty in designing complex user interfaces and gestures, and the need to assemble cross-platform teams adept in both web and native technologies. React Native is embraced by prominent companies like Facebook, Instagram, Bloomberg, Skype, and Tesla for creating diverse applications that span from social media to remote car control.


Node.js, built on Chrome’s JavaScript runtime, is pivotal in this realm. It ensures consistent app performance on diverse platforms. This platform’s technical prowess and strategic benefits are explored further, tackling challenges in multi-platform functionality. Node.js is an open-source runtime that enables JavaScript for both client and server-side scripting, aided by its event-driven, non-blocking I/O model. Its merits include using JavaScript universally, boosting code reusability, leveraging the V8 engine for efficient performance, and capitalizing on its rich ecosystem and package management.

Node.js drives cross-platform triumphs like Netflix, LinkedIn, Walmart, Microsoft Office Online, and Trello, overcoming hurdles like CPU intensity and callback complexities. Best practices encompass code organization, asynchronous handling, library use, rigorous testing, performance optimization, security measures, code reviews, and CI/CD implementation. This makes Node.js a pivotal tool for cross-platform success.


Built by Microsoft, Xamarin allows you to create native apps using C# and .NET, leveraging platform features like notifications. It offers a unified development environment with core features like native integration and a shared C# codebase for all platforms, using .NET to encapsulate native libraries. It is advantageous in utilising Forms Technology, enabling UI layout sharing through the .NET cross-platform UI toolkit, leading to easier maintenance and simultaneous updates for iOS and Android. 

Companies like Alaska Airlines, World Bank, Storyo, and BBC Good Food employ Xamarin. However, debugging Xamarin apps can pose challenges, and performance may vary compared to native apps on certain devices.


Another fan-favourite, Electron, is an open-source framework that facilitates cross-platform desktop app development using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.Built by GitHub, it boasts adoption by major firms like Microsoft, Slack, and WhatsApp. Distinguishing itself from Node.js-based rivals, Electron merges Node.js’s benefits with the Chromium Engine, effectively uniting server and client-side JavaScript capabiliities.

Notably, Electron apps are uncomplicated to construct and deploy, capitalising on the host OS features, consisting of notifications and taskbar integration. Nevertheless, they can strain resources and underperform compared to native apps on certain devices, occasionally posing debugging challenges.

Read more: Top 5 LLM Benchmarks

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Shritama Saha
Shritama is a technology journalist who is keen to learn about AI and analytics play. A graduate in mass communication, she is passionate to explore the influence of data science on fashion, drug development, films, and art.

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