The real achievement of any programming knowledge is to be able to develop an efficient graphical user interface. Python is one of the favourite picks for the programmers to carry this out. As Python is a general-purpose programming language with a lot of libraries and tools, it can be tricky to choose the best ones for GUI applications.
In this article, we recommend top libraries and toolkits. (The list is in no particular order.)
1| Camelot (Library)
Camelot, a Python command line tool library has made it easy for the analysts to draw out data tables from PDF files, which usually do not have a defined representation of a table format, making it tough to produce analytical tables. The Camelot provides a medium to send and receive documents through various machine configuration, operating systems, and network communications.
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- Gives absolute control over table extraction by allowing to adjust its settings
- Poor performing tables can be dropdown, depending upon their accuracy
- Pandas data frame for table design
- Various table formats like CSV, Json, Excel, and HTML can be exported to Camelot.
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2| Kivy (Library)
Being an MIT-licensed open source library of Python, Kivy is used for designing mobile apps and multi-touch application software, which includes natural user interface. Kivy is specified for describing user interface and interactions.
- Comprehensive input support for mouse, keyboard, TUIO and OS-specific multimedia touch events.
- It uses only Open GLES2, which is based on vertex Buffer object and shaders.
- An abundant availability of widgets
- Can be used to design custom widgets
from Kivy.app import App
from Kivy.Uix.button import Button
class test App(App):
return Button(text=’welcome to python’)
3| PyGTK (Graphics interface Tool Kit)
PyGTK is a free software licensed by the LGPL. It is a multi-platform toolkit which can be used to create graphical interfaces that offer a complete set of widgets suitable for projects ranging from one tool oriented to complete application collection.
- It has important sub-libraries like:
- Glib: A low-level fundamental library which forms the building blocks of GTK to provide Data Structure handling for C
- Pango: A layout for the rendering of text, which concentrates on classification
- Cairo: A 2D graphics library which supports various output devices
- ATK: A library with a set of interfaces which provides access to tools such as screen readers, magnifiers etc.
window = gtk.Window()
label = gtk.Label(‘say hi to graphics’)
4| Pyjamas And Pyjamas-Desktop (Toolkit)
Pyjamas is a part of Google web toolkit which enables the development of advanced media Ajax applications using Python with no requirement of a special browser plugin. Additionally, Pyjamas also has a desktop widget set which runs as pure Python, with three available ports. This prototype makes use of web browser technology which effectively provides a secondary widget sets, such as PyQT4 and Py GTK2 and gives an advantage of providing full support for HTML, CSS, plugins and other web related functions. The Pyjamas-Desktop, which is an extended version of Pyjamas, requires additional library JSON to the already installed one.
- Well-developed local and remote CSS stylesheet functionality by using API manipulation
- Complete URL support for local and remote loading of HTML pages
- Availability of plugins for multimedia
- Complete access to XML, XSLT, AJAX
def init(auto, min_value, max_value, start_value=None):
element = DOM.createDiv()
auto.min_value = min_value
auto.max_value = max_value
if start_value is None:
start_value = min_value
auto.value = start_value
auto.valuechange_listeners = 
5| Toga (Toolkit)
Joining the toolkit club of Python recently, Toga is still in its budding stage. It is a native Python OS cross-platform for GUI toolkit which consists of basic components with a shared interface.
The biggest issue that a widget toolkit faces is to put widgets on the screen in the right manner. Various widgets toolkits follow different approaches, constraints, packing techniques, and grid-based prototypes to overcome this problem. Toga’s pack style engines are inspired by an HTML approach that is very novel for the widget toolkits but proven to be effective: cascading style Sheets (CSS)
return toga.App(‘opening App’,’Hi’,startup=build)
6| Tkinter (Toolkit)
Tkinter is a binding Python GUI toolkit. It is the most modern technology which is implemented to completely envelop Python and Tcl into an embedded interpreter. Tkinter calls are converted into Tcl commands which are used for the embedded interpreter, which blends Python and Tcl into a single application. The Tkinter toolkit can run on various platforms like Linux, Microsoft Windows, and Mac OS X.
import tkinter as tk
def init(auto, master=None):
auto.mondialLabel = tk.Label(self, text=’welcome to TK’)
auto.quitButton = tk.Button(self, text=’Quit’, command=self.quit)
wxPython is a binder for the cross-platform GUI toolkits and wxWidgets. The toolkit was initially written in C++ and was later implemented in the Python.
wxPython is a complex code to maintain and does not synchronize with wxWidgets versions. This issue was addressed by launching a project called Phoenix which was launched in the year 2010. An effort was made to clean up the wxPython applications and its functionalities and made it compatible with Python. The project focused on accelerating speed, durability, and maintenance of the wxPython toolkit.
Well, known applications which used wxPython are BitTorrent, Chandler, Editra,
Google Drive, GRASS GIS, Métamorphose, Phatch, PlayOnLinux and PlayOnMac.
app = wx.App(False)
frame = wx.Frame(None, wx.ID_ANY, “welcome to Python”)