Graphical User Interfaces make human-machine interactions easier as well as intuitive. It plays a crucial role as the world is shifting towards digitalisation. Python is one of the most loved languages by developers because of its large number of libraries and frameworks. In this article, we list down 8 Python GUI frameworks for 2019.
(The list is in alphabetical order)
Kivy is an open-source Python library for rapid development of applications which makes use of innovative user interfaces, such as multi-touch apps. This framework is a cross-platform and runs on Linux, Windows, OS X, Android, iOS, and Raspberry Pi. The graphics engine is built using a modem and fast graphics pipeline.
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Libavg is an open-source high-level development platform for media-centric applications. It uses Python as the scripting language, is written in high-speed C++ and uses modern OpenGL for display output. This framework is great for the development of modern touch UIs and supports all major touch driver models, including Windows touch, Linux XInput, and TUIO. Libavg has a number of features such as it supports the full variety of display elements which modern graphics-intensive applications needs, the layout engine supports thousands of display elements on the screen at once as well as a hardware-accelerated video output and much more.
PyQt is a set of Python v2 and v3 bindings for The Qt Company’s Qt application framework and runs on all platforms supported by Qt including Windows, OS X, Linux, iOS and Android. This framework brings together the Qt C++ cross-platform application framework and the cross-platform interpreted language Python. Qt is a cross-platform application development framework for desktop, embedded and mobile. Qt includes abstractions of network sockets, threads, Unicode, regular expressions, SQL databases, SVG, OpenGL, XML, a fully functional web browser, a help system, a multimedia framework, as well as a rich collection of GUI widgets.
PySimpleGUI is a GUI framework for Python which supports Python 3 version. It is simple to create custom GUIs with the help of this framework. Currently, there are 4 actively developed and maintained “ports” of this framework which are tkinter which is fully complete, Qt using Pyside2 which is at alpha stage, WxPython which is at the development stage and Remi (Web browser support) which is also at the development stage.
Pyforms is a cross-environment framework for developing GUI applications. The framework offers a Python layer of desktop forms, based on PyQt, OpenGL and other libraries, allow applications to run on Desktop GUI, Web and terminal without requiring code modifications. Pyforms promotes modular software design and code reusability with minimal effort.
Tkinter or Tk interface is Python’s de-facto standard GUI (Graphical User Interface) package. This is an open-source framework and is available on platforms like Unix and Windows. It is one of the simplest and most popular ways to build a GUI-based application in Python.
Wax is a Python GUI framework that sits atop wxPython (wxWindows for Python). This framework removes the low-level aspects of wxPython (which is basically a direct binding to the ugly C API) and gives you simple python objects to create your GUI. It also runs on many platforms (Win32, Linux w/ GTK, and macOS/OSX w/ Carbon).
WxPython is an open-source cross-platform GUI toolkit for Python. It is implemented as a set of Python extension modules that wrap GUI components of the popular wxWidgets cross-platform library, which is written in C++. With the help of this framework, developers can create native user interfaces for their Python applications that run on Windows, Macs, and Linux or other Unix-like systems. Since the programming language is Python, wxPython programs are simple, easy to write and easy to understand.