Kubernetes v1.23 Released: Key Features & Updates

From IPv4/IPv6 Dual-stack Networking graduating to GA; to Container Runtime Interface (CRI) v1 becoming default, Kubernetes 1.23 has many interesting enhancements

Kubernetes has released its latest update – Kubernetes 1.23. It has 47 enhancements in total, out of which 11 have graduated to stable, 17 are moving to beta, and 19 are entering alpha. Also, one feature has been deprecated.

Below are some of the major changes announced as part of the update:

Deprecation of FlexVolume: FlexVolume is deprecated. The out-of-tree CSI driver is the recommended way to write volume drivers in Kubernetes. FlexVolume users are advised to move their workloads to the CSI driver.

Deprecation of klog specific flags: To simplify the code base, several logging flags were marked as deprecated in Kubernetes 1.23. The code which implements them will be removed in a future release, so users of those need to start replacing the deprecated flags with some alternative solutions.

IPv4/IPv6 Dual-stack Networking graduates to GA: Since 1.21, Kubernetes clusters have been enabled to support dual-stack networking by default. In v1.23, the IPv6 DualStack feature gate is removed. To use dual-stack networking Kubernetes nodes must have routable IPv4/IPv6 network interfaces, a dual-stack capable CNI network plugin must be used, Pods must be configured to be dual-stack and Services must have their .spec.ipFamilyPolicy field set to either PreferDualStack or RequireDualStack.

Generic Ephemeral Volume feature graduates to GA: This feature allows any existing storage driver that supports dynamic provisioning to be used as an ephemeral volume with the volume’s lifecycle bound to the Pod.

PodSecurity graduates to Beta: PodSecurity replaces the deprecated PodSecurityPolicy admission controller. PodSecurity is an admission controller that enforces Pod Security Standards on Pods in a Namespace based on specific namespace labels that set the enforcement level. In v1.23, the PodSecurity feature gate is enabled by default.

Container Runtime Interface (CRI) v1 is default: The Kubelet now supports the CRI v1 API, which is now the project-wide default. If a container runtime does not support the v1 API, Kubernetes will fall back to the v1alpha2 implementation. There is no intermediate action required by end-users, because v1 and v1alpha2 do not differ in their implementation. It is likely that v1alpha2 will be removed in one of the future Kubernetes releases to be able to develop v1.

Structured logging graduate to Beta: Most log messages from kubelet and kube-scheduler have been converted. Users are encouraged to try out JSON output or parsing of the structured text format and provide feedback on possible solutions for the open issues, such as handling of multi-line strings in log values.

Simplified Multi-point plugin configuration for scheduler: The new multiPoint plugin field is intended to simplify most scheduler setups for administrators. Plugins that are enabled via multiPoint will automatically be registered for each individual extension point that they implement.

CSI Migration updates: CSI Migration enables the replacement of existing in-tree storage plugins such as or with a corresponding CSI driver. If CSI Migration is working properly, Kubernetes end users shouldn’t notice a difference. After migration, Kubernetes users may continue to rely on all the functionality of in-tree storage plugins using the existing interface.

Server Side Field Validation is Alpha: If the ServerSideFieldValidation feature gate is enabled starting v1.23, users will receive warnings from the server when they send Kubernetes objects in the request that contain unknown or duplicate fields. Previously unknown fields and all but the last duplicate fields would be dropped by the server.

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Meeta Ramnani
Meeta’s interest lies in finding out real practical applications of technology. At AIM, she writes stories that question the new inventions and the need to develop them. She believes that technology has and will continue to change the world very fast and that it is no more ‘cool’ to be ‘old-school’. If people don’t update themselves with the technology, they will surely be left behind.

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