India\u2019s rising e-commerce industry is going from strength to strength \u2013 a sentiment evident from Snapdeal\u2019s latest play to withdraw from the VC\u2019s negotiating table to adopt a new avatar, Snapdeal 2.0. The ecommerce market in India is expected to touch $33 billion by 2017, as estimated by NASSCOM and the biz drives 1.2 million transactions every day. Another study posits India to topple U.S. and become the second largest market in the world \u00a0by 2034, rivalling China in its supremacy in the e-retail business.\n\nE-retail definitely spells big business in India, but from a tech standpoint there is more to it. The ecommerce business is heavily shaped and influenced by technology and the ripple effects of artificial intelligence and machine learning were first felt here. From personalising user experience, to dynamic pricing, A\/B testing of new product features, predictive analytics for supply chain visibility and hybrid recommender system\u2013 enterprises have built the ecommerce business on data. \u00a0Today, big data analytics may be the old hat in the game now ruled by AI and mature machine learning systems, but undeniably it is driving the services and helping rivals close the sales and performance gap. \n\nHow do the big two of ecommerce \u2013 Flipkart vs Amazon stack up in tech\n\n\n\nIn the ecommerce wars, characterised by high investment and M&As, Amazon is the undisputed king, dominating the space not only on the home turf but in India as well. In fact, Amazon is the most metric-driven company and its collaborative filtering feature is now state-of-the-art. Let\u2019s take a look at some of the major big data and analytics tools used at Amazon.\n\nAmazon uses its native analytics platform \u2013 Hadoop with Elastic Map Reduce and S3 database to compute vast amount of data across EC2 instances. Some of the major divisions where analytics is used are -- customer analytics, supply chain analytics, seller analytics and trust analytics. According to Rajeev Rastogi, Director, Machine Learning, seamless customer experience is Amazon\u2019s USP. \u201cWe use Machine Learning to identify and correct defective addresses so that packages can be delivered to customers on time. Other areas where we are applying ML includes detection of abuse and showing relevant products and ads for user search queries,\u201d said Rastogi, reportedly. \n\nAccording to a recent report, Amazon generates around 29 per cent sales from Hybrid Recommender Systems. \n\nSome of the major metrics drummed up by Amazon\u2019s Recommender System are:\n\n\n customer\u2019s past purchases\n \u00a0items customers have rated and liked\n \u00a0items in virtual shopping carts\n \u00a0purchases compared to similar purchases by other competitors\n\n\nAmazon\u2019s heft can also be attributed to its massive cloud business \u2013 AWS that reportedly makes more revenue than Microsoft. Amazon\u2019s computing infrastructure gives it the hardware to process billions of transactions during the \u201cGreat Indian Sale\u201d.\n\nFlipkart \u2013 Levelling the field with machine learning\n\n\n\nHere\u2019s how Flipkart is levelling the field by making regular additions to its computing infrastructure. Flipkart uses Computerized Maintenance Management Software (CMMS) that enables the etailer to implement solutions and get results quickly. On the AI end, Flipkart after noticing a massive shift in search patterns, launched a conversational search experience that guides users with broad intent. Earlier this year, Flipkart announced Project Mira, the AI-focused project launched to get a better, granular understanding of the customer. \u00a0The AI-led project was populated with local Indian data that aids in resolving customer\u2019s intent. Reports indicate that Amazon surpassed Flipkart in mobile traffic and data up till March suggested that Amazon held 30.3 percent of the mobile market share while Flipkart maintained a slight lead with 30.7 per cent.\u00a0\n\nHere\u2019s where Flipkart leverages BDA:\n\n\n Using data and analytics to predict region wise demand, thus stocking inventory as per the demand\n Automating certain capabilities in warehouse and fulfillment centre leading to faster dispatches and accuracy\n Creating algorithms to accurately red date of delivery accurately by calculating user and product location \u2013 thus setting more realistic customer expectations\n Better use of data analytics \u2013 helping us predict demand according to regions so that we can plan our inventory storage more accurately\n Flipkart has been assiduously pursuing a mobile-first strategy since 2014 and has committed massive investment in mobile strategy\n The Indian e-commerce major has gone beyond keyword-based search to more semantic-based searches powered by NLP\n\n\nWhere Amazon scores big is its supremacy in cloud with AWS. Earlier this year, Flipkart signed a deal to adopt Microsoft Azure as the exclusive public cloud platform. According to the statement, Flipkart will start with the computing infrastructure and \u201cfinally add a layer of advanced cloud technologies and analytics to Flipkart\u2019s existing data centers.\u201d the ecommerce major will leverage Azure\u2019s AI, machine learning and analytics capabilities to improve merchandising, marketing and customer services.\n\nFlipkart owned fashion behemoth Myntra has also developed several technologies in-house to grow faster and expand its customer base. \u00a0Reportedly, Myntra\u2019s platform includes all the backend software programs that crunches data and cranks out insights about buying habits \u2013 data, which Myntra can share with the brands listed on its site. With increasing user insights, Myntra is also mulling a tech-led pricing approach. Increasingly, machine learning solutions are deployed for A\/B testing to build new features centered around improving CX, merchandising and driving personalization. Merchandising options help recommend similar items to users on mobile and site platforms.\n\nOutlook\n\n\n\nToday, the availability of cheap computing power, the growing usage and popularity of cloud and automation tools allows even small players and bootstrapped companies to use the same platforms and compete in the big league. The availability of big data tools has democratized the landscape massively with the rise of startups and many Indian brick and mortar stores have also launched their e-stores, crowding the e-retail space. In fact, niche data analytics startups have also launched on the back of the ecommerce boom, providing marketing and consumer insights to small and mid-size players.