With the 2019 Lok Sabha elections approaching fast, two of the most prominent parties in India \u2014 the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress (INC) \u2014 have released their manifestos. With the eye on most popular and widespread votes, both the political giants have focussed their agenda for the next five years on populist areas agriculture and urban development.\n\nHowever, it is worth noting that the political parties, especially the ruling party BJP, has mentioned the use and adoption of emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, data analytics, machine learning and data science in governance as well as policies.\n\nOver their 2014-19 tenure, the BJP-led government has put enough importance towards the technology sector by starting various new programmes and setting up an AI Task Force to prepare India for the upcoming Industrial Revolution 5.0. Through a series of events and speeches, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is seen to have been deliberately showcasing India as well as his government technologically-forward.\n\nIn this article, we will take a look at what plans both the parties have made for emerging tech in their respective manifestos.\n\nBJP\u2019s \u2018Sankalp Patra\u2019 Has Evolved From 2014 \n\nIn the 2019 manifesto, BJP has promised to make India the 3rd largest economy in the world by 2030, with a GDP of $10 trillion by the year 2032. To achieve this, they have promised to promote artificial intelligence, data analytics and blockchain, among others, through:\n\n\n Boosting MSMEs\n Giving importance to future technologies\n Implementation in the manufacturing sector\n Industry 5.0\n Agriculture \n\n\nIn their manifesto, BJP said that the micro, small and medium enterprises would be benefitted by emerging tech. \u201cOur [BJP] government has taken a major step in expanding \u2018Technology Centres\u2019 and we would achieve more than 150 such centres all over the country by 2024. These Technology Centres would help in mentoring skilling and prototyping of MSMEs. They will expose MSMEs to artificial intelligence, robotics, internet of things, virtual reality, blockchain technology and zero defect zero effect,\u201d said the manifesto.\n\nThe BJP has also promised to launch a Science Mission for development of cutting-edge technologies and future technologies with two submissions, especially focused on\n\n\n Artificial intelligence mission\n Robotic research mission \n\n\nWhile the 2014 slogan for the currently-ruling party was Industry 4.0, now, in 2019, it has a great focus on Industry 5.0. BJP wrote in their manifesto, \u201cThe supercomputer, AI and Quantum Missions will make India not only Industry 5.0 ready but also a leader\u2026 Now we will get the latest technologies to transform Waste to Energy and Wealth in a major mission. We will also strive towards semiconductor manufacturing within the country.\u201d\n\nStressing on the term agri-scientists, BJP said that they would enable development of young minds to take advantage of AI, ML, blockchain and big data analytics for more predictive and profitable precision agriculture.\n\nFor the new industrial policy, BJP said that they will announce a new industrial policy to improve the competitiveness of manufacturing and services with an eye on Industry 4.0 in order to gear up for AI and electric mobility. The manifesto also added that special effort would be made for MSMEs.\n\nCongress Still Playing Catch-Up\n\nThe \u2018grand old party\u2019 seems to be still playing catch up as far as emerging technology is concerned. The fact that terms like \u201cartificial intelligence\u201d or \u201crobotics\u201d don\u2019t even feature in the 55-page INC manifesto, showcase that the party\u2019s focus is on other populist issues.\n\nNonetheless, the party has a couple of interesting ideas for the emerging tech sector:\n\n\n Plans to set up a National Data Science Institute with adequate funding and human resources to train and produce data scientists\n Plan to set up a National Mission focused on sunrise technologies such as big data, ML, Internet of Things, 3D printing and manufacturing, and knowledge networks\n Policies to address issues like data security, cyber security, financial security, communication security and security of trade routes\n\n\nIn 2018, the Congress party had renamed their computer department as \u2018Data Analytics Department\u2019. Praveen Chakravarty, former investment banker, angel investor and a political economist, was nominated the chairman. This, however, does not show a strong effect on the party\u2019s manifesto.\n\nOutlook\n\nLooking at these manifestos from a bird\u2019s eye view, it is clear that the focus of both the parties is on topics that would appeal to most of their voters. India being a developing economy, it is obviously imperative to get the foundation of the country in smooth-functioning condition. Having said that, it is crystal clear that the importance given by each of the parties to emerging tech areas like AI, IoT, ML, big data and analytics varies greatly. Only after India votes will we understand that which of these moves was the right one.