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Node.js, too good to be fixed
Furthermore, Node.js has the Node Package Manager (NPM), which is one of the largest ecosystems of open-source libraries and packages. This vast collection of modules simplifies development and speeds up project delivery. The language is designed to handle a large number of concurrent connections efficiently, making it suitable for building applications that require high levels of scalability.
Many tech giants and startups alike, such as Netflix, PayPal, and LinkedIn rely on Node.js for their server-side needs, cementing its relevance in the industry. To bring in the relevance of AI, newer languages such as Astro, Deno, and Bun have emerged on the scene post-LLMs. Does anyone use these languages at all, given Node.js can also work well along with AI models as models such as GPT are trained until September 2021, without the data of the newer languages?
What do these exactly offer?
Astro supports multiple front-end frameworks, enabling developers to work with their preferred tools like React, Vue, and Svelte while maintaining a unified and efficient build process. Undoubtedly, it seems like a good alternative to Node.js given its speed, while also supporting Node runtime. On GitHub, Astro has more than 35k stars.
As web performance becomes increasingly important, Bun’s approach resonated with developers looking to optimise their applications. It has around 61k starts on GitHub.
Deno’s unique features, such as built-in TypeScript support and enhanced security mechanisms, have garnered interest from a huge developer community with 90K GitHub stars.
Undoubtedly, the adoption of new frameworks can be a slow process, especially when established options like Node.js have such a strong presence. Moreover, since each of these frameworks have specialised use cases, the adoption numbers are obviously not going to be as huge as Node.js.
Can’t fix what isn’t broken
The biggest factor for not enough adoption of course is the Node.js dominance. Node.js has a well-established ecosystem of packages, libraries, and a vast community. Developers are often reluctant to switch to new platforms when Node.js already meets their needs. Compare this to why someone would shift from Python to C++ given that everyone is building AI models on it.
Astro, Deno, and Bun are still relatively young and lack the extensive ecosystem of packages and tooling available for Node.js. This can be a significant hurdle for adoption. Building a robust developer community takes time. Node.js’s massive community offers extensive support, while these alternatives are still working to cultivate a similar following.
Migrating existing projects from Node.js to Astro, Deno, or Bun can be challenging due to compatibility issues, leading developers to stick with what they know. Though the newer ones have made it a little easier to use other runtimes in the language, it is still not useful for developers.
Add all of this to the fact that everyone in the industry is looking for Node.js in your resume and not any of the other frameworks.