Statically-typed language can be referred to the languages where the type of variables is known at the compile time. It has various intuitive features such as better code completion, perform type checking during the course of compilation, better tooling and refactoring, among others.
In this article, we list down the top 10 statically typed programming languages one must know.
(The list is in alphabetical order)
According to the Octoverse report by GitHub 2019, this language is among the top 10 programming languages over time. There are several advantages of this statically-typed language, such as it has the ability to handle low-level activities and can be easily compiled on a variety of computer platforms. Some of the features of this language include flexibility, portability, reliability, modularity, efficiency and other such features.
C++ achieves the 6th position among the top 10 programming languages over time in a report published by GitHub. C++ is an object-oriented programming language, which follows the bottom to top approach. Some of the advantages of this language include exceptional handling, rich function library, function overloading, multi-platform app development and other such.
According to the StackOverflow Developers Survey 2019, Go scored the 3rd rank for languages associated with the highest salaries worldwide. It is an open-source project language, which has gained much traction in a few years. Go language is among the top 10 fastest growing programming languages on GitHub. Some of the features of this language include easy built-in frameworks for testing and profiling, efficient management of dependencies, clear code separation and other such.
Haskell is a statically-typed and declarative programming language, which offers clearer and maintainable code. This language is mainly for programs who need to be highly modifiable and maintainable. Some of the features of this language include type inference, quick prototype, high-performance executable, purely functional and other such.
Java is one of the most liked languages by developers. Last year, it secured the 3rd position among top 10 programming languages over time on GitHub. Some of the advantages of this language include reusability of code, platform-independent, easy to understand, modularity, rich APIs, and other such.
Designed by JetBrains, Kotlin is one of the fastest-growing programming languages on GitHub and has secured the 4th position among 10 programming languages. Some of the features of this language include concise, safe, interoperability, tool-friendly, etc. This language is one of the preferred languages for Android development due to the advantages it provides, such as the shorter program for the same task, easy coding, Java compatibility, and other such.
Nim is a statically typed compiled systems programming language, which combines concepts from other programming languages like Python, Ada and Modula. Some of the features of this language include generating of native dependency-free executables, support for all major platforms, faster memory management, and other such.
Rust secured the 2nd position as the fastest-growing programming language on GitHub 2019. Some of the advantages of this language include fast and memory-efficient with no runtime or garbage collector, rich type system, thread safety, etc. Rust can be used to create file systems, operating systems, browser components, simulation engines for VR ad other such.
Scala or Scalable language runs on Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and is one of the best languages to be used for Big Data analytics. According to the Stack Overflow Developers report 2019, this language is one of the most commonly used programming languages among developers. Some of the advantages of this language include Java compatibility, functional coding paradigms, scalability, highly functional and other such.
Swift is an intuitive programming language for macOS, iOS, etc. It combines powerful type inference and pattern matching with a modern, lightweight syntax, allowing complex ideas to be expressed in a clear and concise manner. Some of the advantages of this language include automatic memory management, checking of overflow, error handling and other such.