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Why India Ranks 15th Among The Least Cyber-secured Countries In The World?

Why India Ranks 15th Among The Least Cyber-secured Countries In The World?

In times of rapid technological development, cybersecurity has become a big concern for enterprises. Recently, a consumer tech review company, Comparitech positioned India at 15th rank, making it one of the worst countries in the case of cybersecurity. The study was among 60 countries which found a huge difference in a number of categories. According to this leading newspaper, in 2017 India ranked 23rd among 165 countries in terms of the Global Cybersecurity Index.

Methodology Of Ranking

Here’s the methodology behind ranking the countries with the worst cybersecurity lists from malware rates to cybersecurity-related legislation. The scores were based on the percentage of attacks during the year 2018 and the Global Cybersecurity Index.

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According to this report, India fares far below the average, about the same as China. The main factors contributing to India’s lack of cybersecurity is a high percentage of both mobile and desktop devices infected with malware. A total of seven criteria were considered to evaluate the overall score.

They are as follows.

  1. Percentage of mobiles infected with malware: Software designed to gain unauthorised access to, destroy, or disrupt a device’s system
  2. Percentage of computers infected with malware: Software designed to gain unauthorised access to, destroy, or disrupt a computer’s system
  3. The number of financial malware attacks: Malicious programs created to steal a user’s money from the bank account on their computer system
  4. Percentage of telnet attacks (by originating country): Technique used by cybercriminals to get people to download a variety of malware types.
  5. Percentage of attacks by crypto-miners: Software that is developed to take over a user’s computer and use its resources to mine currency without any permission.
  6. Best-prepared countries for cyber attacks: Scored using Global Cybersecurity Index.
  7. Countries with the most up-to-date legislation: Scored based on existing legislation and drafts that covered some categories.

Recent Cases Of Malware Attack

India has been experiencing a wave of cyber attacks since the last few years. Malware infections such as trading of cheap mobile phones, software architectures with unauthorised access lead India to be among the top 10 worst countries.  The cybersecurity of the govt. is facing multiple issues.

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According to the report, until mid-2014, Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-In) reported attacks on Indian websites have increased nearly five times in the past four years.  

In the report, the rankings of the Global Risk Report 2019 released last month showed that India had faced the largest data breach in the world due to “lax cybersecurity protocols” India.

In a recent case, user data of 18 million, largely email IDs and passwords, were stolen from online travel aggregation platform Ixigo. Earlier in 2016, Bangalore–based FreshMenu faced data breach of over one lakh users.

In 2018, several online consumer companies fell a victim of the data breach. RupeeRedee, a money lending digital platform based out of Gurugram was a victim of leaking customer details because of a vulnerability on its cloud storage. Scanned copies of the customer’s Aadhaar and PAN cards submitted during KYC were leaked.

The same year, Federation of Hotel and Restaurant Associations of India (FHRAI) issued a notice to the Online Travel Aggregators and warned of action against Oyo adducing a large number of data breaching and staking the safety of consumers and also violating the laws.

Security Measures

Although bagging the 15th rank among the 60 countries, India is still better than many nations in the case of cybersecurity. The government has promoted and set up “Cyber Swachhta Kendra” (Bot Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) which is a part of the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) for analysing malware characteristics and providing information well as enabling citizens for removal of malware. Yet, India is moving slowly and the adaptation is still falling behind due to lack of efficiency and performance.

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