Google recently acquired semiconductor IP company Provino Technologies for an undisclosed amount. Based in Silicon Valley, and with a second office in Ahmedabad, India, Provino Technologies provides network-on-chip (NoC) solutions for next-generation system-on-chips (SOCs) focused on machine learning/artificial intelligence.
With its latest acquisition, Google is most likely to adopt NoC technologies for running various research work in artificial intelligence and machine learning.
“A wholesale transition to NoC is unlikely to happen overnight,” said Md Farhadur Reza, assistant professor of software engineering and computer science at the University of Central Missouri, pointing at architectural and the algorithmic challenges for designing and operating the routers.
However, considering the rate at which Google operates, NoC can only be a good thing for the future of sustainable computing as it improves efficiency and reduces the power consumption of the machine learning system.
What is NoC?
NoC is a method in which a single silicon chip is used to implement the communication features of large-scale to high-end integration systems. Reza thinks technology for communication has not improved in the same manner as that for computation.
Further, he said the NoC’s decentralized architecture could run multiple tasks in parallel and communicate with each other simultaneously. In other words, this improves the performance and throughput of the design and shortens the wires, he explained.
Compared to traditional chips, NoC architectures are faster and less prone to data blockages. “There are multiple routes between the two nodes, so even if one link is down, you can still route a packet another way,” said Reza.
In 2015, Google started using TPUs or Tensor Processing Unit, which is an AI accelerator application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC). In 2018, Google made them available for third party use, both as part of cloud infra and offering a smaller version of the chip for sale.
Overall, Google has acquired 248 companies in total, including Dysonics, Neverware, North AppSheet, Pointy, Fitbit, Kaggle, HTC, and others.
Google & IP chips
According to IEEE Spectrum, in February 2021, Google bought 20 patents and patent applications for NoC communications and power control from Provino for an undisclosed amount. Interestingly, this appears to be the startup’s entire portfolio of intellectual property.
The details of the patents are shown below.
Analytics India Magazine wrote to Alphabet, Google’s parent company, and Provino Technologies’ founder, Shailendra Desai, to comment on the latest development. No response has been received till the time of writing.
Why Provino Technologies
Founded by former Apple engineer Desai in 2015 with Dan Dobberpuhi as the chairman, Provino develops interconnect protocols (iFabric) to build NoC chips. The chips are well suited for providing platforms for building SoCs for AI/ML, AR/VR, automobile, industrial automation and consumer applications.
In 2018, the startup raised $8 million in Series A funding from Dell Technologies Capital, an investment wing of the multinational computing company Dell Technologies.
At the time, Daniel Docter, managing director of Dell Technologies Capital, had lauded Provino for its fresh approach to SoC design, addressing the challenging requirements of the next-generation chip design in the artificial intelligence and machine learning markets.
As per MarketsAndMarkets, the global AI (chipsets) market is expected to touch $57.8 billion by 2026, from $7.6 billion in 2020. The market is growing at a CARG of 40.1 percent during the forecast period (2021-2026).
New-age chip makers like Cerebras Systems, SambaNova Systems, Groq, alongside chip giants like NVIDIA and Intel, are locked in the AI arms race. Many of these companies are all working on multipurpose graphics chipsets — initially made for video games — to capture the artificial intelligence market.
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Amit Raja Naik is a senior writer at Analytics India Magazine, where he dives deep into the latest technology innovations. He is also a professional bass player.