The growing trend of artificial intelligence and machine learning is paving the way for 5G network. Industry insiders believe that 5G will carve out a way for the next generation robots or humanoids, which would be controlled wirelessly and also enable data storage resources of the cloud.
But not only the end user, but from the point of view of an organisation, the dawn of 5G internet means a sure evolution of their integrated analytical systems as well as organisational structure. In fact, it will be expensive to deploy 5G infrastructure and will also require a fresh business models and regulation, claims a WEF report.
Studies have suggested that 5G will be an overlay to existing 4G and will start achieving meaningful scale and reach by early 2020s. In this article we will try and find out if India is ready for the 5G revolution.
What Is 5G
Interestingly enough, 5G or the fifth generation of mobile network has not officially defined. All that is being talked of this this: It is faster than 4G LTE, more stable, and more versatile. It’s speed is estimated to be more than 10Gbps, which is also an indication that 5G may entirely replace home and office WiFi. Marc Tracey, a spokesman of Verizon told Wired, “Basically, 5G will provide a wider pipeline and faster lanes.”
Requirements for 5G:
Speaking at the event called MATLAB Expo 2018, Tabrez Khan, senior application engineer at MathWorks India, explained that the three important things that are required for 5G applications:
- Enhanced mobile broadband (more than 10 Gbps)
- Ultra reliable and low latency (less than 1 ms)
- Massive machine-type communication (more than 1e5 devices)
When Will It Be Launched
One of the key challenges faced by telecom players all over the world is scaling up the supporting 5G infrastructure. It is predicted to be expensive to deploy and will also require fresh thinking on financing, business models, and regulation. Who will pay for 5G infrastructure, how broad will the infrastructure’s reach be, can it be commonly owned, and is there scope for effective public-private partnerships in the build out and operations? As companies are still deliberating on all these topics, the 5G network is slated to exist as an overlay to existing 4G networks, and will start achieving meaningful scale and reach by the early 2020s.
Use Cases For 5G:
Khan also added that broadly, the four areas where a user could look forward to changes in the way they consumed data would be in the following areas:
- Videos in 4K, 8K and 360 degree formats
- Virtual reality-based content
- Connected vehicles and other modes of transport
- Internet of things
How Will 5G Affect Data Analytics
From the user’s perspective, 5G merely means fast internet. But from an enterprise point of view, the 5G internet means a slow but sure overhaul of their integrated analytical systems as well as organisational structure.
Many experts have claimed that the four key focus areas for large companies to leverage data after 5G are:
- Leveraging of analytics tools to derive value
- Integration between Cloud and enterprises
- Internet of things
- Enterprise operational technology
These can be achieved only after a way is found to manage gigantic amount of unstructured data.
A Market Research report says, “The convergence of cloud, data management, IoT platforms and solutions will enabling the next evolution of data analytics in which enterprises will realise the significant tangible and intangible benefits from data generated via 5G. The ability to sort data in a raw format, store it in different structural formats, and subsequently release it for further analytics, will be of paramount importance for all industry verticals.”
Preparation For 5G Data Handling
At the recently-concluded MATLAB Expo 2018, Khan informed that MathWorks was well-equipped to train engineers as well as students for the onslaught of large quantity of data generated in the coming years. He said that MathWorks had already made the following provisions (among others) in their software:
- Signal generation and analysis reference measurement channels
- 5G new radio and the 5G library
- LTE system toolbox and 5G library
- Wireless standards simulation
- New physical layer in Release 15
- Baseband DSP for large bandwidths
- Efficient channel coding methods
- Model channel and interference
- 5G link level simulation
- RF power amplifier (PA) linearisation
Is India Ready For 5G Revolution?
The Indian government is set to see that there is no spectrum shortage to ensure India does not lag behind the rest of the world in launching 5G services, Telecom Minister Manoj Sinha had said recently. He had also said that the new telecom policy would be suitably aligned to ensure India is 5G ready and in sync with the world telecom. “The government is betting big on 5G as its is expected to deliver new levels of performance and efficiency and offer opportunities for myriad apps and business model that could potentially lead to better healthcare, smart cities, more efficient manufacturing and enhanced lifestyles, he added.
Though India is readying itself to bring 5G network by 2020 to keep pace with the global technology adoption, it lacks 100 percent fiber coverage, investment in fiberisation and basic infrastructure. The last-mile fiber coverage in India is only about 25 to 30 percent and the investment in fiber infrastructure is only 10 percent of overall deployment cost.