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Top 11 Programming Languages To Learn Now

Top 11 Programming Languages To Learn Now

Ambika Choudhury

Programming languages act as a bridge between programmers and machines. It helps in defining the semantics to make conversation with machines. According to sources, the global programming language training market will grow at a CAGR of more than +3.2% during the forecast period of 2018-2023.  

In this article, we list down – in alphabetical order – the top 11 programming languages one must learn now:

C/C++

According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, C and C++ are at the second and fourth positions, respectively, as the most popular programming languages. These languages are one of the most used as well as popular among the developer community. Almost every code in the tech world is written in C language – right from operating systems to microcontrollers to software developments. This is a robust and portable language, which is the root of every other programming language.      



C#

This multi-paradigm programming language, developed by Microsoft, is entirely based on both C and C++ languages. According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, C# scored the fifth position in popular programming languages. This language is one of the safest, as there is a negative chance of data loss due to its no-type conversion property. Some of its features include object-oriented, automatic garbage collection, cross-platform, easy development, among others. 

Go

Go language is an open-source programming language. This language is efficient, clean, concise and expressive. According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, Go scored the 12th position in popular programming languages. Tech giants like Google, Youtube, IBM, Twitter, Facebook, among others, have been using this language for years now. 

Java 

One of the most loved and popular languages among developers, Java secured the first  position in the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020. This language is used extensively in the distributed environment of the internet, Android mobile applications, and more. Some of the features of this language include object-oriented, easy to learn, platform-independent, among others. 

JavaScript

According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, JavaScript scored the seventh position as the most popular programming languages among the developers. This language has been used extensively for web development, web applications, server applications, web servers, mobile applications, and more. The language helps a developer implement complex features on web pages easily. Some of the features include increased interactivity, rich interfaces, less server interaction, among others.  

Python

One of the popular languages for the development of emerging technologies, Python achieves the third position in the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020. This language can be used for operating systems, language development, web applications, websites, and desktop GUI applications, such as image processing, scientific computational applications, and more.  

PHP

According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, PHP scored the eighth position in popular programming languages among developers. PHP – or Hypertext Pre-processor – is a server-side scripting language. This language is used to build databases, session tracking, among others. Some of the features include easy integration and compatibility, flexibility, efficient, and cost-effectiveness. 



See Also

R

One of the most popular languages among data analysts and statisticians, R scored the tenth position in the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020. This language is widely used among statisticians for developing statistical software and analysis of data. Some of the intuitive features of this language include support for data wrangling, an array of packages, highly compatible, platform-independent, and more.

Ruby

According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, Ruby scored the 13th position in popular programming languages among developers. This language is a blend of programming languages, that include Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada and Lisp. Some of its features include flexibility, expressive, exception handling, and mark-and-sweep garbage collector.

Swift

Developed by Apple, Swift is a programming language for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS app development. Similar to C language, this language uses variables to store and refer to values by an identifying name. It also makes extensive use of variables whose values cannot be changed. According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, Swift scored the 11th position in popular programming languages among developers. 

SQL

Structured Query Language or SQL is one of the languages data analysts must know. This language is mainly used for collecting, manipulating as well as retrieving data that are stored in a relational database. According to the TIOBE Programming Community index report for April 2020, SQL scored the 9th position in popular programming languages among developers. 

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